What Languages Are Spoken In Serbia (2023)


(Last Updated On: August 5, 2022)

Languages Spoken in Serbia

What languages are spoken in Serbia? While many countries have one official language and others spoken in certain regions, the same isn’t valid for Serbia which has three official languages and many unofficial ones spoken across the country. In this guide, we’ll take a look at the languages that are spoken in Serbia and give you an idea of what to expect when traveling there. So, let’s find out what languages are spoken in Serbia!

The Serbian language: The Official Language

The Serbian language is the official language of Serbia. It is a South Slavic language and the native tongue of native speakers of Serbian ethnicity.

The Serbian language is written in the Cyrillic alphabet, which was first used in the 14th century, but today it also uses the Latin alphabet. In addition to being an official language of Serbia, it is also one of the three official languages of Bosnia and Herzegovina and an official minority language in Montenegro, Croatia, North Macedonia, and Romania.

The Serbian language has two main dialects: Shtokavian (further divided into Eastern and Western subdialects) and Torlakian. As such, Serbian is an Indo-European language belonging to the East Slavic branch of the Indo-European family of languages.

Serbian shares many linguistic similarities with other Slavic languages like Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Polish, Russian language, Slovene, and Slovak. Proto-Slavic, the common ancestor of all Slavic languages, is considered to have split from the Proto-Balto-Slavic language between 500 AD and 600 AD.

However, Serbian began using the Latin script in the 18th century after Tsar Peter I gave it this status during his rule over Yugoslavia. Serbian lost its position as an official language when Yugoslavia dissolved, becoming a part of various independent countries that took on their own national identities.

With these challenges came new languages, some not even close to Serbian or Slavic. Today, English is by far the most widely spoken foreign language in Serbia, while there are still those who continue to speak their mother tongues even if they’re not necessarily Serbian or proto-Slavic languages anymore.

What Languages Are Spoken In Serbia (1)

Other languages are spoken by Serbians.

In addition to Serbian, which is the native and official language of the country, there are several other languages spoken by Serbians. These include Croatian, Bosnian, Montenegrin, and Albanian. There is also a significant minority of Romani speakers in Serbia. Proto-Slavic languages such as Old Church Slavonic and Rusyn are also spoken by some Serbians. The languages have been used for centuries because they were considered the official or native language of people who lived in the region. These various languages have now been separated into their distinct languages because they developed over time into something that was no longer considered to be a part of Proto-Slavic.

The official status varies depending on where you are in Serbia, but Serbian has an official status throughout the country, and it is not one of these separate languages anymore. Languages like Albanian, Slovak, Czech, Hungarian, Romanian and Bulgarian are also spoken in parts of Serbia. It’s important to remember that most of these languages do not have any written tradition, so if someone speaks one of them, then the only way to communicate with others is through a translator. Proto-Slavic languages like Old Church Slavonic and Rusyn are still spoken by a few Serbians, and those who know how to speak them usually live in rural areas.

Is Serbian and Russian the same language?

Serbian and Russian are two very similar languages. They both come from the Slavic family of languages, which means they have many standard features. However, there are also some significant differences between the two languages. For example, Russian has a much more complex grammar than Serbian. The two languages use different scripts; Serbian uses the Cyrillic alphabet while Russian uses the Latin alphabet.

What language is closest to Serbian?

The language closest to Serbian is Montenegrin. The two languages are almost identical, with only slight differences in pronunciation and vocabulary. Montenegrin is spoken by about half a million people, mainly in Montenegro but also in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, and Serbia.

Regional and Minority Languages

The Serbian Constitution guarantees the right to use and develop any single language, including regional or minority languages. There are more than twenty recognized minority languages spoken in Serbia, the most notable being Hungarian, Bosnian, Albanian, Romanian, Slovakian, Ruthenian, and Croatian. The proto-Slavic language was also once spoken in Serbia. Proto-Slavic is a predecessor of the Slavonic languages still spoken in Eastern Europe.

The proto-Slavic language was introduced by South Slavs when they moved into this area from 600 to 900 AD. It shares commonalities with other Indo-European languages such as Lithuanian, Latvian, Finnish, Estonian, and German.

Some similarities exist between proto-Slavic and Old Church Slavonic, which were used for writing down texts in early medieval Serbia. However, proto-Slavic became extinct over time because it evolved into other languages like Serbo-Croatian and Bulgarian.

The written word for proto-Slavic came about in two forms: Bosančica (also known as Bosnian Cyrillic) and Čakavski (known as Čakavian). Both were created by Illyrians who lived on these lands before the arrival of the South Slavs.

These forms were written in Latin letters but represented an older form of Serbian script. Proto-Slavic is thought to have died out around 1700, but linguistic studies suggest that it may have persisted until 1900.

What Languages Are Spoken In Serbia (2)

Other Foreign Languages

The official language of Serbia is Serbian, a south Slavic language that is the native tongue of 87% of the population. It is written in Cyrillic script and is closely related to the Russian language, Croatian, and Bosnian.

Other languages spoken in Serbia include Albanian, Hungarian, Slovak, Romanian, and Bulgarian. Proto-Slavic languages such as Ukrainian and Polish are spoken by tiny minority groups. English is widely understood and used in business and tourism. Romanian is mainly used in southeastern parts of Serbia like Vojvodina and Kosovo. Hungarian is spoken primarily in northern regions like Bačka and Baranja, while Slovene speakers live mostly near Novi Sad.

Ukrainian speakers are present throughout Serbia, while Belarusians live near Zaječar. Latvian is limited to eastern Serbia, primarily in Gnjilane, where it was historically found among workers who migrated from Latvia. German, Ruthenian (spoken by descendants of people who migrated from Poland), Slovak, Czech, Rusyn (spoken by descendants of people who migrated from Hungary), Italian, and Greek can be heard sporadically.

Foreign words adopted into the Serbian language

Serbian is a South Slavic language and the primary language spoken in Serbia. It is a standardized variety of Serbo-Croatian, a Slavic language, and the official language of Serbia. Serbian is also one of the three official languages of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The Serbian language has been influenced by foreign languages throughout history, with words adopted from Greek, Turkish, German, and French. Most recently, English words have been adopted into the Serbian language. One example of this phenomenon is that google was adopted as the verb to search for something on Google or any other search engine.

Other examples include the term publika, which comes from the word public and has come to mean an audience, a crowd; this term comes from outside influences such as theater or politics.

Some words borrowed initially from other national languages continue to be used with their original meaning intact, such as a budget. In other cases, there are no good translations for these words in Serbian, so they remain only in their original form.

An example of this would be the loanword website, which is often translated as sajt but does not accurately translate to the website because there isn’t a good translation for the website in Serbian. Another way foreign words get incorporated into the Serbian language is through neologisms or new words created out of thin air – ex: decaf.

Dialects of Serbian

Serbian is a South Slavic language spoken by around 10 million people. It is the official language of Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, and Kosovo. There are three main dialects of Serbian: Shtokavian, Torlakian, and Ijekavian.

The Shtokavian dialect is the most widely spoken of the three Serbian dialects. It is used in all formal speech and writing. The Torlakian dialect is spoken in southeastern Serbia, Kosovo, and Montenegro. It is considered to be a transitional dialect between Serbian and Macedonian. The Ijekavian dialect is spoken in western Serbia and Bosnia, and Herzegovina.

There are a few differences between the three Serbian dialects. The most noticeable difference is how the word “Serbian” is pronounced. In Shtokavian, it is pronounced “Srbija,” in Torlakian, it is pronounced “Srpija,” and in Ijekavian, it is pronounced, “Srbija.” Another difference is how the word “I” is pronounced. In Shtokavian, it is pronounced “ja,” in Torlakian, it is pronounced “e,” and in Ijekavian, it is pronounced “i.”

The three Serbian dialects are all very similar, but there are a few noticeable differences between them. The most important thing to remember is that all three are equally valid ways of speaking the Serbian language.

What Languages Are Spoken In Serbia (3)

Serbian and Russian: Are they Similar Languages?

Serbian and Russian are two Slavic languages that are very similar. Many linguists believe that they are almost identical. There are six main ways in which these two common languages are similar: their alphabet, their grammar, their vocabulary, their pronunciation, their writing system, and their orthography.

One of how Serbian and Russian languages are similar is their alphabet. Both languages use the Cyrillic alphabet, invented in the 9th century by two Byzantine monks. The Cyrillic alphabet is used by many other Slavic languages, as well as by non-Slavic languages such as Mongolian and Uzbek. Another way in which Serbian and Russian are similar is their grammar. Both languages have subject-verb-object word order, and they use the same grammatical case system. They also have many cognates, which are words that have the same meaning and the same etymological root.

A third way in which Serbian and Russian are similar is their vocabulary. Both languages have many loanwords from Turkish and German. They also have many words derived from the exact Slavic root words. For example, the Serbian word for “head” is glava, while the Russian word is голова. A fourth way in which Serbian and Russian are similar is their pronunciation. Both languages have stress-timed rhythm, which means that the stressed syllables are evenly spaced out. They also have many vowel reductions, making them sound very different from other languages.

A fifth way Serbian and Russian are similar is their writing system. Both languages use the Cyrillic alphabet, as mentioned before. They also use the same punctuation marks, such as the comma, the semicolon, and the exclamation point. The sixth and final way Serbian and Russian are similar is their orthography. Both languages have stringent rules about how words are spelled. For example, in Russian, all words must be written with a capital letter, even if they are not at the beginning of a sentence. In Serbian, all nouns must be written with a capital letter, regardless of whether they are at the beginning of a sentence or not.

What Languages Are Spoken In Serbia (4)

Grammar and Vocabulary of Serbian language

The Serbian language is a South Slavic language spoken by Serbs in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Croatia, and Kosovo. It is also the official language of the Serbian Orthodox Church. The grammar and vocabulary of the Serbian language are quite different from other Slavic languages, making it a unique and exciting single.

Retrieved 23 December 2013. Following Vuk’s reform of Cyrillic (see above) in the early nineteenth century, Ljudevit Gaj, in the 1830s, performed the same operation on Latinica, using the Czech system and producing a one-to-one symbol correlation between Cyrillic and Latinica as applied to the Serbian and Croatian parallel system.Šipka, Danko(2019). Lexical layers of identity: words, meaning, and culture in the Slavic languages.

Source: en.wikipedia.org

language to learn. Six main points will be covered in this essay: 1. The grammar of the Serbian language

2. The vocabulary of the Serbian language

3. The differences between the Serbian and other Slavic languages

4. The history of the Serbian language

5. The importance of learning the Serbian language

The grammar of the Serbian language is very different from other Slavic languages. For example, there are three genders in Serbian (masculine, feminine, and neuter), whereas most Slavic languages only have two genders (masculine and feminine). There are also two ways to say “you” in Serbian – formal and informal. The informal way is used when talking to friends, family, or children, while the traditional way is used when talking to strangers, authority figures, or elders.

Serbian Language

The vocabulary of the Serbian language is also quite different from other Slavic languages. For example, the word for “hello” in Serbian is “zdravo,” which is entirely different from the word for “hello” in Russian (“Здравствуйте”). There are also many loanwords in the Serbian language from Turkish and German due to the historical influence of these two cultures on Serbia.

One of the most significant differences between the Serbian language and other Slavic languages is the alphabet. Serbian uses Cyrillic and Latin alphabets, whereas most other Slavic languages only use Cyrillic. This can make learning Serbian quite tricky for speakers of other Slavic languages, as they will need to understand two completely different alphabets.

The history of the Serbian language is quite interesting. It is believed that the first Slavic settlers in the Balkans were the Croats, who arrived in the 7th century AD. The Croats then began to assimilate with the local population, which resulted in the creation of the Serbian language. The Serbian language then began to spread to other parts of the Balkans, such as Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, and Kosovo.

Despite the difficulties of learning Serbian, it is still a critical language. This is because Serbia is a significant country in the Balkans, and it is also a member of the European Union. As a result, there are many opportunities for those who can speak Serbian to work in Serbia or other parts of the Balkans. Additionally, learning Serbian can also help you better to understand the history and culture of the Balkans.


How many languages are spoken in Serbia?

In Serbia, the official language is Serbian. However, there are many other languages spoken throughout the country. According to Ethnologue, there are over two dozen languages spoken in Serbia. This includes Serbian dialects, as well as minority languages such as Romani, Albanian, Hungarian, Slovak, and Rusyn. Serbian is a South Slavic language and is related to the Croatian language, Bosnian, and Montenegrin.

Does Serbia speak English?

Serbian is a Slavic language spoken by approximately 10 million people worldwide. It is the official language of Serbia and one of the three official languages of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Serbian is also one of the official languages of Croatia, Montenegro, and north Macedonia. While the majority of Serbia’s population speaks Serbian, there is a significant minority that speaks English.

Any questions? We have the answers. Contact us 24/7


Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Delena Feil

Last Updated: 12/17/2022

Views: 5395

Rating: 4.4 / 5 (45 voted)

Reviews: 84% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Delena Feil

Birthday: 1998-08-29

Address: 747 Lubowitz Run, Sidmouth, HI 90646-5543

Phone: +99513241752844

Job: Design Supervisor

Hobby: Digital arts, Lacemaking, Air sports, Running, Scouting, Shooting, Puzzles

Introduction: My name is Delena Feil, I am a clean, splendid, calm, fancy, jolly, bright, faithful person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.